Hoornweg, Daniel with Laura Thomas. Working Paper Series Nr. Urban Development Sector Unit. East Asia and Pacific Region. Page 5. Typical waste generators. Types of solid wastes. Food wastes, paper, cardboard, plastics, textiles, leather, yard wastes, wood, glass, metals, ashes, special wastes e.
Light and heavy manufacturing, fabrication, construction sites, power and chemical plants. Housekeeping wastes, packaging, food wastes, construction and demolition materials, hazardous wastes, ashes, special wastes.
Stores, hotels, restaurants, markets, office buildings, etc. Paper, cardboard, plastics, wood, food wastes, glass, metals, special wastes, hazardous wastes. Schools, hospitals, prisons, government centers. New construction sites, road repair, renovation sites, demolition of buildings. Street cleaning, landscaping, parks, beaches, other recreational areas, water and wastewater treatment plants.
Street sweepings; landscape and tree trimmings; general wastes from parks, beaches, and other recreational areas; sludge. Heavy and light manufacturing, refineries, chemical plants, power plants, mineral extraction and processing.
Industrial process wastes, scrap materials, off-specification products, slay, tailings. Crops, orchards, vineyards, dairies, feedlots, farms.
Spoiled food wastes, agricultural wastes, hazardous wastes e.If you create an account, you can set up a personal learning profile on the site.
You were introduced to the main types of liquid waste in Study Session 1. This study session is the first of three that builds on that introduction and describes liquid wastes in more detail. We begin with a closer look at the sources and characteristics of liquid wastes.
16 Major Classification of Solid Waste | Solid Waste Management
Study Session 5 focuses on the different types of latrine available for urban areas in Ethiopia. In Study Session 6 you will learn about the management and treatment of liquid wastes. The type and composition of liquid waste depends on the source. In urban areas, the main sources are households, commercial establishments and industries.
We need accurate information on the characteristics of liquid wastes in order to establish proper waste management processes to deal with them. In this study session you will learn about the main sources of liquid wastes and about different ways of characterising them. We also briefly describe some of the laboratory tests used to analyse liquid waste. The session ends with some specific examples of liquid wastes from industry. The materials below are provided for offline use for your convenience and are not tracked.
If you wish to save your progress, please go through the online version. For further information, take a look at our frequently asked questions which may give you the support you need. Skip to main content. Explore OpenLearn.
Search for free courses and collections. Sign in. Get started Create a course Free courses. About this course 30 hours study 1 Level 1: Introductory Course description.
Urban Sanitation and Solid Waste Management If you create an account, you can set up a personal learning profile on the site. Create account See more courses. Downloads You can download these files for use offline or on a mobile device. Explanation of available formats and their limitations. All downloads across this website.
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Print page. Have a question? Report a concern. Back to top. Search OpenLearn Create.Sources of waste Municipal sources of waste: This includes trash or garbage from households, schools, offices, market places, restaurants and other public places. They include everyday items like food debris, used plastic bags, soda cans and plastic water bottles, broken furniture, grass clippings, product packaging, broken home appliances and clothing.
They tend to be classified as hazard waste rather than general waste. Items in this group include surgical items, pharmaceuticals, blood, body parts, wound dressing materials, needles and syringes. Agricultural sources of waste: Typically, this is waste generated by agricultural activities. These include horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, livestock breeding, market gardens and seedling nurseries. Waste items in this group include empty pesticide containers, old silage wrap, out of date medicines and wormers, used tires, surplus milk, cocoa pods and corn husks.
End-of-life Automobiles: When cars are all old and not working again, where do they end up? Many people just leave them to rust in the fields, but there is a better way to deal with them. In many cities, these vehicles are sent to the plant, where all the removable parts are taken out for recycling. The rest is flattened up and shredded into peices for recycling. The last bits that cannot be used again is sent to a landfill.
Industrial sources of waste: Since the industrial revolution, the rise in the number of industries manufacturing glass, leather, textile, food, electronics, plastic and metal products has significantly contributed to waste production.
Take a look at the things in your home, every item there was probably manufactured and possibly, waste was produced as a result.
Study Session 4 Liquid Wastes: Sources, Types and Characteristics
Sometimes old buildings and structures are pulled down demolished to make space for new ones. This is particularly common in old cities that are modernizing. This is called demolition waste.
Waste items include concrete debris, wood, earth, huge package boxes and plastics from the building materials and the like. Electronic sources of waste: This is waste from electronic and electrical devices. Think of DVD and music players, TV, Telephones, computers, vacuum cleaners and all the other electrical stuff in your home. These are also called e-waste, e-scrap, or waste electrical and electronic equipment WEEE Some e-waste like TV contains lead, mercury, cadmium, and brominated flame retardants.
These are harmful to humans and the environment. It is therefore important that the right authorities ensure the proper disposal of such waste. All Rights Reserved. Items in this group include surgical items, pharmaceuticals, blood, body parts, wound dressing materials, needles and syringes Agricultural sources of waste: Typically, this is waste generated by agricultural activities.Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. View by Category Toggle navigation.
Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: solid waste management. Latest Highest Rated. It could be in the form of Bones Other parts of animals they slaughter Wood With the progress of civilization the waste generated became of a more complex nature. The existing landfills are neither well equipped or well managed and are not lined properly to protect against contamination of soil and groundwater.
Hazardous wastes could be highly toxic to humans, animals, and plants. They are Corrosive Highly inflammable, or explosive React when exposed to certain things e. These chemicals include formaldehyde and phenols, which are used as disinfectants. Direct exposure to chemicals in hazardous waste such as mercury and cyanide can be fatal.
Housekeeping wastes Packaging Food wastes Construction and demolition materials Hazardous wastes Ashes Special wastes. Paper cardboard plastics wood food wastes glass metals special wastes hazardous wastes 4 Institutional Schools, hospitals, prisons, government centers. Same as commercial. Street sweepings landscape and tree trimmings General wastes from parks Beaches Recreational areas sludge.
Heavy and light manufacturing, refineries, chemical plants, power plants, mineral extraction and processing. Industrial process wastes Scrap materials Off-specification products. Spoiled food wastes Agricultural wastes Hazardous wastes e. This may lead to epidemic outbreaks. Many diseases like cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, plague, jaundice, or gastro-intestinal diseases may spread and cause loss of human lives.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play.
Get the plugin now. Toggle navigation.
Study Session 7 Solid Waste: Sources, Composition and On-site Storage
Help Preferences Sign up Log in. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash. Click to allow Flash After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Provided by: municipal6. Tags: management solid waste plastic roads.
Latest Highest Rated. Name of the Municipality Tiruchengode 2. Year of functioning as Municipality 3. Area in Extent Population in 80, 1,05, projected 5. Total No. Length of Streets in K. Solid waste generated 42 M.Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, to enjoy a better life - Educational Video for Kids.
Solid waste collected daily 42 M. Slum Population 15, 4. Daily Market 2 6. Weekly shandy 1 7. Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes a.
Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes b. Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes c. Wastes Collection from Market areas Garbage collected from Market is directly taken to Compost yard as it contains more bio-degradable wastes. Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes d. Bio-medical wastes Bio-medical wastes is not be mixed with municipal wastes.
It is collected separately by Indian Medical Association. Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes e. Transportation of wastes door collection area to collection point Push carts is used for primary transportation from house to collection point.
Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes f. Constructions wastes Construction and demolition wastes is not mixed with municipal garbage. Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes g. Storage Door to door collected wastes in the plastic buckets are transferred to municipal lorries at a fixed time.Read this article to learn about Hazardous Waste:- 1. Meaning of Hazardous Waste 2. Sources of Hazardous Waste 3. Classification 4.
According to USEPA, hazardous waste is defined as any solid, liquid or gaseous substance which, by reasons of any physical, chemical, reactive, toxic or infectious characteristics, causes danger to health or environment when improperly treated, stored, transported or disposed off. Sources of hazardous wastes include industries, petroleum refineries, transportation, coke-ovens, blast furnace sludges, scrubbing sludges and biological waste generating laboratories, thermal and nuclear power plants and nuclear reactors etc.
A simple approach to classify hazardous wastes is to consider these wastes into general categories such as toxic, inflammable and radioactive etc. Such a classification system helps the fire service to properly deal with the hazardous wastes under emergencies.
Many countries e. However, in Japan, the four types of wastes viz. The best way to classify the hazardous wastes is on the basis of algorithms that consider toxicity corrosivity, persistence, inflammability, quantity of waste involved, the extent of hazard to the environment and ultimate effects on living organisms. The term solid waste includes semi-liquids, liquids and contained gaseous materials as well.
This stipulation is applicable to the wastes that are stored or treated prior to disposal but not to those to be recycled. For instance, municipal solid wastes, agricultural wastes and animal manures are excluded. That is, whether it has the potential to increase the mortality or illness or whether it poses a substantial threat to human health or environment on the basis of hazardous characteristics such as corrosivity, inflammability, toxicity or explosiveness.
As regards the hazard to health or the environment, the following standard tests quantified by EPA are considered:. As far as toxicity to the ground water is concerned, the 14 contaminants viz.
Wastes which are known to be hazardous carcinogenic and mutagenic etc. The main objective of hazardous waste management plan is to eliminate or reduce the hazardous waste through process changes or resource recovery. The waste must be accounted for from its origin to ultimate disposal. This cradle to grave concept is followed by USA and Canada. All the industries producing more than kg of hazardous wastes per month should be registered. An inventory of such waste generating agencies and the quantity of waste produced per month should be prepared.
The hazardous waste generating plants should equip themselves with special on-site tanks, chemically resistant containers or basins for storage of waste. The wastes must be transported by suitable tanker trucks, flat-bed trucks or rail cars of the approved disposal sites. A well publicized emergency plan should be prepared to deal with unexpected spillage or accidental release of contaminants during transport to prevent environmental damage and public health hazard.
The wastes should be transported to a physical and chemical treatment plants for processing or concentration or hauled directly to an approved hazardous waste treatment facility for final disposal. When on-site recycling or recovery of waste is not feasible, the possibility of waste exchange should be explored. Transferring wastes from large industries to smaller ones which are able to reuse low purity oils, acids, alkalies, solvents or recover valuable metals and other materials from concentrated wastes, can also be considered.
Top Menu BiologyDiscussion. Air Pollutants: Classification and Adverse Effects.
This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Answer Now and help others. Answer Now. Here's how it works: Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.Some of the major various classification of solid waste are as follows: 1.
Municipal Waste 2. Domestic I Residential Waste 3. Commercial Waste 4. Garbage 5. Rubbish 6. Institutional Waste 7. Ashes 8. Bulky Wastes 9. Street Sweeping Dead Animals Construction and Demolition Wastes Industrial Wastes Hazardous Wastes Sewage Wastes Solid waste is the material generated from various human activities and which is normally disposed as useless and unwanted. A comprehensive classification of wastes is described below Manual on Municipal Solid waste Management, The classification of solid wastes, their sources and description are given in Table 5.
Municipal waste includes waste resulting from municipal activities and services such as street wastes, dead animals, market wastes and abandoned vehicles. However, the term is commonly applied in a wider sense to incorporate domestic wastes and commercial wastes.